“Theory of Numbers” of a complete region

Ranjit Biswas
Notes on Number Theory and Discrete Mathematics, ISSN 1310-5132
Volume 21, 2015, Number 3, Pages 1—21
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Authors and affiliations

Ranjit Biswas
Department Department of Computer Science
Jamia Hamdard University
Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi–110062, India


This is sequel to our previous work [2,3,6] on region algebra. An important contribution in [2] is that the minimum platform required and being used so far by the world for practicing elementary algebra is unearthed and uniquely identified which is not group, ring, field, module, linear space, algebra over a field, associative algebra over a field, division algebra, or any existing algebraic system in general, but ‘Region Algebra’. The properties of region algebra are interesting as this is the minimal algebra which justifies free and fluent practice of elementary as well as higher algebra. This important identification was missing so far in any past literature of algebra or mathematics, and thus it is surely a unique algebra of absolute integrated nature. A new theory called by “Theory of Objects” and as a special case of it the classical “Theory of Numbers” were also studied in [2,6]. In this paper we say that every complete region A has its own ‘Theory of Numbers’ called by ‘Theory of A-numbers’, where the classical ‘Theory of Numbers’ is the ‘Theory of RR-numbers’ corresponding to the particular complete region RR. For the sake of presentation and to avoid any confusion we consider three theories here but finally we arrive at a unified unique theory at the end. The three theories designated in this paper are: Theory-1 (Theory of Numbers) which is exactly the existing “Theory of Numbers” in the literature (on real numbers and complex numbers); Theory-2 (Theory of Objects) which is about combinatorics on Region Algebra, about prime objects and composite objects, about a new ‘Theory of Numbers’ corresponding to every complete region (viz. the ‘Theory of A-numbers’ is corresponding to the complete region A, etc.); and Theory-3 (Theory of RR-numbers) which is all about the “Theory of RR-numbers”, a particular case of the “Theory of A-numbers” of Theory-2 where the region A is the complete region RR. In fact Theory-1 happens to be a special case of Theory-3, but initiating of Theory-3 done by the author is not with the purpose of ‘Making a generalization of the Theory-1’. It may also be noted that the Theory-3 is a special case of “Theory of A-numbers” where “Theory of A-numbers” is derived from the “Theory of Objects” of Theory-2. The “Theory of Objects” also induces a new field called by “Object Geometry” of a complete region, being a generalization of our rich classical geometry of the existing notion. It is claimed that the “Theory of Objects” will play a huge role to the Number Theorists in a new direction.


  • object
  • region
  • extended region
  • calculus space
  • complete region
  • 2-to-1 bijection
  • absolute partition
  • positive object
  • negative object
  • bachelor
  • conjugate bachelor
  • exact division
  • prime object
  • composite object
  • onteger
  • unit length
  • inverse unit length
  • natural A-number (of a complete region A)
  • RA value
  • object line
  • XA-axis
  • YA-axis
  • object plane
  • object circle
  • compound number

AMS Classification

  • 97G40
  • 97G99
  • 11F23
  • 11Gxx
  • 14Pxx
  • 14Qxx


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Cite this paper

Biswas, R. (2015). “Theory of Numbers” of a complete region. Notes on Number Theory and Discrete Mathematics, 21(3), 1-21.

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