On the metric dimension of the total graph of a graph

B. Sooryanarayana, Shreedhar K. and Narahari N.
Notes on Number Theory and Discrete Mathematics
Print ISSN 1310–5132, Online ISSN 2367–8275
Volume 22, 2016, Number 4, Pages 82–95
Full paper (PDF, 263 Kb)


Authors and affiliations

B. Sooryanarayana
Dept. of Mathematical & Computational Studies, Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Technology
Bengaluru, Karnataka State, India, Pin 560 056

Shreedhar K.
Dept. of Mathematics, K. V. G. College of Engineering
Sullia, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka State, India, Pin 574 327

Narahari N.
Dept. of Mathematics, University College of Science, Tumkur University
Tumakuru, Karnataka State, India, Pin 572 103


A resolving set of a graph G is a set SV(G), such that, every pair of distinct vertices of G is resolved by some vertex in S. The metric dimension of G, denoted by β(G), is the minimum cardinality of all the resolving sets of G. Shamir Khuller et al. [10], in 1996, proved that a graph G with β(G) = 2 can have neither K5 nor K3,3 as its subgraph. In this paper, we obtain a forbidden subgraph, other than K5 and K3,3, for a graph with metric dimension two. Further, we obtain the metric dimension of the total graph of some graph families. We also establish a Nordhaus–Gaddum type inequality involving the metric dimensions of a graph and its total graph and obtain the metric dimension of the line graph of the two dimensional grid Pm × Pn.


  • Metric Dimension
  • Landmarks

AMS Classification

  • 05C56


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Cite this paper

Sooryanarayana, B., Shreedhar K. & Narahari N. (2016). On the metric dimension of the total graph of a graph. Notes on Number Theory and Discrete Mathematics, 22(4), 82-95.

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